Gum Disease Symptoms

Gum diseases are quite common in today’s world due to unhealthy diet and insufficient hygiene care. There are two types of gum diseases, Gingivitis and Periodontitis. The more severe kind of disease is periodontitis which affects even the bone in your mouth that support the teeth and if this disease gets any more intense, the patient may even lose the tooth. Gingivitis is a more subtle disease but if treatment isn’t started immediately to cure it, the disease may evolve into periodontitis in no time. The stages of both of these diseases are given below:

  1. Gingiva, which is another name for gum tissue, and a bone hold the teeth firmly in its place. As gingivitis develops, the gums turn tender, swollen and sensitive enough to bleed easily.
  2. As the disease spreads, the gums are damaged severely and pockets form around the tooth or teeth which allow plaque to get collected below the gum line. The roots of the teeth are exposed and this can cause severe tooth sensitivity and decay of the teeth.
  3. In ‘advanced’ periodontitis, the teeth become loose due to excessive damage to the tissues and bone that support it. The teeth may either fall out or maybe decayed enough to have to be removed by a dentist.

Causes:

  • Smoking can easily lead to gum diseases and not just this, smoking also reduces the chances of a successful treatment for gum diseases.
  • Hormonal imbalance or genetic reasons can also make teeth and gums sensitive enough to be very prone to gum diseases.
  • Other diseases such as diabetes can make you prone to infections and gum diseases. Certain medical treatments can also cause sensitivity in gums.

So what type of indications do you need to watch for?

Symptoms:

  • Tender or swollen gums. Gums may even be extra sensitive to hot or cold beverages or food.
  • Visible receding of the gums. If your teeth appear longer than they used to be, then your gums are receding.
  • Eating hard food, brushing or flossing teeth may cause bleeding from the gums.
  • Change in taste when eating food or bad breath even after proper dental hygiene care.
  • Severe kind of disease may even cause the formation of pus between the teeth.
  • Pain or sores in the mouth and loose teeth indicates intensely severe disease.

Treatment:

Gingivitis: This is the mild version of gum disease. The sooner you notice it, the better as it can be cured easily if immediate steps are taken. Proper brushing of teeth with a high-quality toothpaste and teeth cleaning sessions from a dentist would be necessary for a while to remove gingivitis entirely.

Periodontitis: Paying no medical attention to gingivitis can lead to a more serious version of gum disease called periodontitis. Most dentists take an x-ray of the mouth in order to determine whether the bone has been damaged or not. It helps in determining the intensity of the disease. The dentist cleans the teeth by removing the plaque collected in the pockets. The bone is reshaped with dentistry tools to remove space where the bacteria may grow. The gum is then attached to the bone with a substance.

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